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Investigating the Source of Contamination Opioid into Lead in Forensic Medicine

Background: Impurities in narcotics are one of the factors that cause or exacerbate the symptoms of acute and chronic poisoning. Heavy metals as one of the impurities found in the opioids can cause toxicity to consumers. Opioids contamination and its complications are a social health problem in Middle Eastern countries such as Iran. Lead smugglers add more benefits during the drug production process in order to increase their weight.

Objective: To determine the source of opioid contamination with lead metal.

Materials and methods: Preparation of Opioid, Heroin, and Crock Afghan Drugs for quantitative analysis is used for Wet Digestion (oxidation or wet digestion), for analysis of a flame atomic spectrometer. Air-acetylene flame gas, halogen-based lamp based on the metal studied.

Results: LOD and LOQ for lead, 2 PPM and 6 PPM spectroscopy were determined for flame atomic absorption spectrometry.

Conclusion: According to the results, the level of lead in the poppy basin is negative as a source of opium production. However, lead was found in opium, burned opium, cracker Afghani and heroin as opium products. Which suggests that lead in the production of opium and its natural and industrial opioids is likely to be added to the benefits of smugglers and vendors.


Seyed Majid Salimi Asl, Mohammad Assareh, Mohammad Javad Khodayar and Zahra Mousavi.

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